Family Study: 1 Peter 1


II. Christ has redeemed us (17-21)

Discussion Questions

  • What do we learn here about the judgment?

  • What is the basis for the judgment?

  • How should this influence our actions?

  • Why does it say this should cause us fear if we have already trusted in Christ?

  • What does redeemed mean?

  • What is the relationship between Christ redeeming us and the judgment?

  • What do we learn here about “foreknown”? How does relate to the fact that God foreknows the elect?

  • How is the period of time when Jesus came referred to? Why is it called the last times? Are we still in these “last times” or past them?

  • How should Christ’s redemption of us affect our lives and behavior?


Verses on Judgment

2 Corinthians 5:10 – For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each of us may receive what is due us for the things done while in the body, whether good or bad.

Revelation 22:12 – Look, I am coming soon! My reward is with me, and I will give to each person according to what they have done.

Romans 14:10-12 – You, then, why do you judge your brother or sister? Or why do you treat them with contempt? For we will all stand before God’s judgment seat. It is written: “‘As surely as I live,’ says the Lord, ‘every knee will bow before me; every tongue will acknowledge God.’” So then, each of us will give an account of ourselves to God.

Verses on Redemption

Galatians 2:20 – I have been crucified with Christ and I no longer live, but Christ lives in me. The life I now live in the body, I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me.

Colossians 1:14 – In whom we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins.

Colossians 1:20-22 – And through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether things on earth or things in heaven, by making peace through his blood, shed on the cross. Once you were alienated from God and were enemies in your minds because of your evil behavior. But now he has reconciled you by Christ’s physical body through death to present you holy in his sight, without blemish and free from accusation.

1 John 3:16 – This is how we know what love is: Jesus Christ laid down his life for us. And we ought to lay down our lives for our brothers and sisters.

Teaching Points

1. God is an impartial judge. He doesn’t favor the rich or the poor. He doesn’t favor the famous or the weak. He doesn’t favor man or woman, or any race. He is the perfect judge. He is perfectly fair and perfectly just.

2. The basis for the judgment is our deeds. In the book of Acts. Paul was on trial, not really for anything wrong he had done. In the sight of the law, he had done no wrong. But the leaders hated him and his cause. They therefore put pressure on the judges who were deciding Paul’s case. These unfairly kept him in prison with no evidence and though he had broken no law. Paul repeatedly defended himself saying he had broken no law. But they didn’t care about his actions, only about political pressure. The judges over Paul were bad judges, completely unjust. God is not like them.

The good news for us is that God doesn’t care about political pressure. He will look at our deeds and nothing else.

We all like fairness, right? Fairness makes a good judge.

The bad news is that although we might not be convicted based on the laws of our country, our deeds will condemn in God’s sight because we have not lived up to God’s standards. If we are practicing sin, we have reason to fear, knowing that God sees everything we do.

So we have good news and bad news.

3. More good news (the best news) is that God knows no one can pass this test and provided a way for us to be saved from judgment, Christ. Christ redeems us. Nothing else can. No amount of money can save us. No amount of materials. No amount of effort. Christ’s blood is the only thing that can wipe out our debt and instate us to right standing with God. This blood is precious. It’s precious because it belongs to God’s Son. He is innocent. He is perfect. He didn’t deserve to die. Jesus is the most valuable thing in God’s eyes, but God gave Him up for us. This was a very high price to pay. How should this high price of redemption affect our lives now?

4. Obviously we should be grateful. At the same time it should remind us about the seriousness of sin. If sin wasn’t serious, Christ wouldn’t have had to die. But He did. Every sin we commit is one of the reasons why Christ hung on that cross bleeding out in front of the world. Every sin we commit held Him there. He had to suffer the penalty for every sin we have and ever will commit. If our hearts are sensitive to pain or suffering, this will touch us. Hopefully it will motivate us to stop it. Stop sinning. Sin is not forgiven for free. Sin must be punished. Christ took it so we wouldn’t have to. That should motivate us to love and serve Him.

5. He was foreknown. Here is another use of that word. It indicates again that this word doesn’t just mean God knew ahead of time. God didn’t just know ahead of time that Christ would die. He planned it. The myriads of prophecies in the Old Testament confirm that God planned this ahead of time. Therefore when the Bible says that God foreknew the elect it doesn’t just mean that He knew ahead of time we would believe. It means that He ordained it ahead of time.

6. The last times – Between Christ’s first and second coming is all the period of “last time” or “last days” or “last day” or “last times”. We are in the final era of the world. If two thousand years ago was already the last times, now it must be the last last times!

Application: The world is drawing to an end. Are you redeeming the time? Are you ready?

Chapter Breakdown: 1 Peter Chapter 01

17And if you address as Father the one who impartially judges according to each one’s work, live out the time of your temporary residence here in reverence.

Since God the Father called these Messianic believers to become children, then the children need to address God as their Father. God the Father is also a judge, but He is not like a human judge who makes mistakes, accepts bribes, and possesses limited knowledge. God judges the works of everyone, but He does it impartially and perfectly. Peter reminded the Messianic believers that their existence on earth was only temporary. While they were living in this temporary residence, they were to respect their heavenly Father and live according to His will.

18You know that from your empty way of life inherited from your ancestors you were ransomed – not by perishable things like silver or gold,

The Messianic believers were rescued from an empty way of life. The empty way of life was Pharisaism. They were redeemed from the Mishnah, which was a Jewish man-made Oral Law which was handed down to them by the tradition of their fathers. The Mishnah added man-made traditions to the written Word of God. Jesus often taught against “the traditions of men”, which was the Mishnah.

The Greek word for “ransomed” is ἐλυτρώθητε (elutrophate), an aorist passive indicative verb, meaning to be delivered by payment. The Messianic believers were slaves of Pharisaism which was an invention of Satan to keep the Jews from recognizing their Messiah. The Messiah of Israel literally purchased the Messianic believers out of the slave market of Pharisaism with His own blood. The verb is aorist, meaning that this redemption was a onetime completed action of the past. The verb is passive, meaning that the Lord Jesus Christ was the one who purchased the believers. The verb is indicative, meaning that it is a 100% statement of fact. This one little verb destroys Arminianism because there was no free choice of man. Jesus did everything. There is no loss of salvation, because it was a onetime completed action of the past. There is no speculation, because it was a 100% statement of fact.

The Messianic believers were not purchased with perishable things, like gold or silver. Gold and silver are valuable to the satanic world system, but they will not make it into heaven. They are perishable and will rust away, becoming useless. They will be burned away when the new heavens and earth is brought into existence.

19but by precious blood like that of an unblemished and spotless lamb, namely Christ.

Since gold and silver are perishable and useless in heaven, the Messiah purchased the Messianic believers with the blood of God. The blood of God is that of Christ. It is unblemished and spotless, because Jesus is the perfect and holy Lamb of God who came to take away the sins of the world.

20He was foreknown before the foundation of the world but was manifested in these last times for your sake.

The Greek word for “foreknown” is προεγνωσμένου (proegnosomen), a perfect passive participle, meaning to know ahead of time because of pre-planning. Before the foundation of the world was even created, the Council of the Triune Godhead foreknew and planned the entire program of redemption. Jesus was the second person of the Trinity. He was chosen by the Godhead to become the Redeemer before any sinners were even created. He made Himself known only in those who were living in the last times for the sake of the Messianic believers. The “last times” are the days prior to and including the church age.

21Through him you now trust in God, who raised him from the dead and gave him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God.

Jesus is different than other religious leaders, because His tomb is empty. After the resurrection, He returned to the glory that He had with God the Father before His incarnation. He is now God not in human flesh (which feels hunger, thirst, and pain), but God in a glorified body.

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1 Peter 1 Family Study Packet
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