Family Study: Matthew 27:1-14


Jesus Delivered to Pilate, 27:1-2

No doubt realizing that the trials before Annas and Caiaphas in the night were illegal both in the way they were conducted and in their outcome, the chief priests and elders reviewed their case against Jesus at a meeting held the next morning. Mention of this is made in the other gospels (Mk 15:1; Lk 23:1; Jn 18:28). The problem was not only the illegality of the trial, but the fact that the Jews did not have the authority to put Jesus to death. This could only be done by an order from a Roman ruler. Accordingly, at the close of this third trial before a Jewish authority, Jesus was bound and led away to be delivered to Pontius Pilate, the governor, for the first of the three trials before Roman rulers. Before proceeding with the account of the trial of Christ, Matthew records the remorse of Judas.

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Matthew 27:1-2 Breakdown

Jesus Brought Before Pilate 1When it was early in the morning, all the chief priests and the elders of the people plotted against Jesus to execute him.

Rome had taken away Israel’s right to capital punishment.

2They tied him up, led him away, and handed him over to Pilate the governor.

Archaeologists have found the “Pilate stone” among the remains of the amphitheater in Caesarea. This stone names Pilate as “the perfect” of Judaea at this same exact time. Pilate lived in Caesarea, but he also owned a palace in Jerusalem. He would travel to Jerusalem during the feasts so that he could keep order.

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