Luke 24:44-53 Breakdown
Jesus’ Final Commission 24:44 Then he said to them, “These are my words that I spoke to you while I was still with you, that everything written about me in the law of Moses and the prophets and the psalms must be fulfilled.”
God is not a liar. His prophets wrote down prophecies. God fulfilled all of the first prophecies of the first coming of Jesus. He will fulfill the eschatological promises of Jesus at His second coming.
24:45 Then he opened their minds so they could understand the scriptures,
No one can understand the Scriptures unless God opens up the mind.
24:46 and said to them, “Thus it stands written that the Christ would suffer and would rise from the dead on the third day,
The prophecies predicted a suffering Messiah and a reigning Messiah. Many of the Jewish rabbi believed that there would be two Messiahs. Instead, there was to be one Messiah with two different comings.
24:47 and repentance for the forgiveness of sins would be proclaimed in his name to all nations, beginning from Jerusalem.
Repentance means to change one’s attitude about Jesus from bad to good. Jesus died for the sins of both Jews and Gentiles. This message of forgiveness was to be taken to all Jews and Gentiles. The message was to begin in Jerusalem. This fulfillment will take place in Acts 2.
24:48 You are witnesses of these things.
The disciples were witnesses of the resurrection of Christ.
24:49 And look, I am sending you what my Father promised. But stay in the city until you have been clothed with power from on high.”
Jesus will send out the disciples to spread this message to the world. However, they were to stay in Jerusalem until the Day of Pentecost.
Jesus’ Departure 24:50 Then Jesus led them out as far as Bethany, and lifting up his hands, he blessed them.
Jesus walked them back to the small city of Bethany, which was just outside of Jerusalem. Lazarus, Mary, and Martha lived in Bethany.
24:51 Now during the blessing he departed and was taken up into heaven.
Jesus blessed the disciples and ascended into heaven. He is currently sitting at the right hand of God the Father, waiting for the Father to make Satan His footstool.
24:52 So they worshiped him and returned to Jerusalem with great joy,
Jesus was worshipped, because He was God in human flesh.
24:53 and were continually in the temple courts blessing God.
The disciples stayed in Jerusalem and taught in the temple courts. Pentecost would occur fifty days later. Devout Jews from all over the Roman Empire would travel to Jerusalem. Many of the others would stay in Jerusalem and wait for the Day of Pentecost. Those who stayed would hear the disciples’ teachings for the next fifty days. The Book of Acts continues the history of the growth of the early church.
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