Zechariah 1:12-17 Breakdown
12 The angel of the Lord then asked, “Lord who rules over all, how long before you have compassion on Jerusalem and the other cities of Judah which you have been so angry with for these seventy years?”
The Angel of the Lord is the pre-incarnate Christ. He asked God the Father how much longer He would be angry at Israel and withhold the Messianic Kingdom from them.
13 The Lord then addressed good, comforting words to the angelic messenger who was speaking to me.
God the Father answered with good news.
14 Turning to me, the messenger then said, “Cry out that the Lord who rules over all says, ‘I am very much moved for Jerusalem and for Zion.
God the Father gave His message to God the Son so that Zechariah could cry out this same message to Jerusalem and Zion. Zion is Israel.
15 But I am greatly displeased with the nations that take my grace for granted. I was a little displeased with them, but they have only made things worse for themselves.
God the Father is disappointed at the Gentile nations, because they have taken God’s grace for granted. The Gentile nations have displayed anti-Semitism against Israel. They have violated the Abrahamic Covenant, so God must judge them.
16 ‘Therefore,’ says the Lord, ‘I have become compassionate toward Jerusalem and will rebuild my temple in it,’ says the Lord who rules over all. ‘Once more a surveyor’s measuring line will be stretched out over Jerusalem.’
God intends to fulfill His Messianic program. The temple will be rebuilt. Nehemiah will rebuild one temple in the near future. The Messiah will rebuild the Jewish temple during the Millennial Kingdom. An angelic surveyor was measuring the city for its two future temple building projects.
17 Speak up again with the message of the Lord who rules over all: ‘My cities will once more overflow with prosperity, and once more the Lord will comfort Zion and validate his choice of Jerusalem.’ ”
During the Millennial Kingdom, Jerusalem will overflow with prosperity. God will choose Jerusalem to be his capital city of the Millennial Kingdom.
Additional lessons to listen through this week:
Dr. J. Vernon McGee
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