Zechariah 11:1-3 Breakdown | YEBC.net
Zechariah 11:1 Open your gates, Lebanon, so that the fire may consume your cedars.
In 1 Kings 5:5-6, the cedars of Lebanon was used as a figure of speech for the Jewish temple. Zechariah sees the Jewish temple and the surrounding area of Lebanon on fire. Since Zechariah was living while the second Jewish temple was being rebuilt, this cannot be the temple destruction in 586 B.C. by the Babylonians. Zechariah is looking into the future and seeing the temple destruction of 70 A.D. by the Romans.
2 Howl, fir tree, because the cedar has fallen; the majestic trees have been destroyed. Howl, oaks of Bashan, because the impenetrable forest has fallen.
Bashan today is the Golan Heights. The people living in the Golan Heights were to cry out, because the temple has been destroyed by the Romans.
3 Listen to the howling of shepherds, because their magnificence has been destroyed. Listen to the roaring of young lions, because the thickets of the Jordan have been devastated.
The shepherds were the Pharisees and Sadducees who were living in Jerusalem during the time of the temple destruction. They were supposed to be watching and feeding the flock. Jesus warned that when Roman soldiers surrounded the city, it was time to leave. The religious leaders ignored the prophecy of Jesus and stayed in Jerusalem. They were slain by the Romans.
The young lions lived in the lush Jordan Valley. However, the Romans burned this forest as well. The young lions no longer had a place to roam and play.
For additional studies this week, listen to Dr. J. Vernon McGee’s Zechariah sermons/studies: https://www.blueletterbible.org/audio_video/popPlayer.cfm?id=7088&rel=mcgee_j_vernon/Zec
Download the whole PDF to print here: https://534ce549-29fe-497d-9d12-17fa4e21c288.usrfiles.com/ugd/534ce5_1eaaaa0a44004a0183d6bac103fb1b19.pdf