Zechariah 11:15-17 Breakdown | YEBC.net
15 Again the Lord said to me, “Take up once more the equipment of a foolish shepherd.
Zechariah will now act out the role of a foolish shepherd. The equipment of the foolish shepherd was the same as that of the Good Shepherd. The staff of grace and the staff of unity were the two instruments of the two shepherds. However, the foolish shepherd will not use his staffs in the same way as that of the Good Shepherd.
16 Indeed, I am about to raise up a shepherd in the land who will not take heed to the sheep headed to slaughter, will not seek the scattered, and will not heal the injured. Moreover, he will not nourish the one that is healthy but instead will eat the meat of the fat sheep and tear off their hooves.
The foolish shepherd is not the Antichrist, but Simon Bar Cochba. He led the Second Jewish Revolt against Rome in a.d. 132–135. He won many early battles, so Rabbi Akiba and the Sanhedrin declared him to the people as the Messiah. Notice that the Sanhedrin rejected the True Shepherd, but they did accept a false shepherd.
The purpose of the first staff was to protect the flock, but Simon Bar Cochba did not protect them. All of the Jews of this revolt were killed.
The purpose of the second staff was to keep the flock together, but he was not able to accomplish this task. The results of the Bar Cochba revolt was a further devastation of the Land, and the Jewish people were scattered all over the Roman Empire.
17 Woe to the worthless shepherd who abandons the flock! May a sword fall on his arm and his right eye! May his arm wither completely away, and his right eye become completely blind!”
Two judgments were to fall upon Simon Bar Cochba. First, he failed to use his arm to protect the Jews, so his arm was under judgment. Second, his eye should have been used to watch over the flock so that it would not scatter. He failed to do so, so his eyes were under judgment as well. The Jewish leaders caused the people to reject the True Shepherd, but follow the foolish shepherd. This caused the Jews to be scattered all over the world. Jesus, the True Shepherd, will re-gather the flock into one unit at the end of the Great Tribulation. He will lead them into the grazing grounds of the Millennial Kingdom.
For additional studies this week, listen to Dr. J. Vernon McGee’s Zechariah sermons/studies: https://www.blueletterbible.org/audio_video/popPlayer.cfm?id=7088&rel=mcgee_j_vernon/Zec
Download the whole PDF to print here: https://534ce549-29fe-497d-9d12-17fa4e21c288.usrfiles.com/ugd/534ce5_1eaaaa0a44004a0183d6bac103fb1b19.pdf