Family Study: Zechariah 13-14


Zechariah 14 (God’s kingdom)

Summary: Israel is clearly regathered at this point. In fact, the city of Jerusalem is occupied. The Gentile nations apparently will surround it, and they will occupy half of it. However, the LORD himself will protect the city (v.3). Some interpreters (e.g. Matthew Henry) interpret this event metaphorically (v.4). He believes that Christ brought the dividing wall down between Jews and Gentiles on the Cross (Eph. 2).

However, this is clearly literal, because Zechariah compares this cataclysmic event with a past, literal event (“you will flee just as you fled before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah” v.5). Jerusalem will be supernaturally protected (vv.10-11).

(14:1-2) This continues to explore the remnant of only one third of people who make it through the battle (Zech. 13:8-9). This has never been fulfilled. For instance, in the Jewish War of AD 66-70, Titus didn’t have “all the nations” with him—nor did he leave half of the people in their homes. This will be fulfilled at the end of history. Barker lines this up with the battle(s) of Armageddon (Rev. 16:16-21).[52]

(14:3-4) The city is in dire straits when Yahweh arrives to defend the people. Since the Lord lands on the Mount of Olives, this shows us that the Messiah is Yahweh. Jesus will return to the Mount of Olives—just as he left (Acts 1:9-12; Rev. 19:11-16).

The “Mount of Olives” will split in two (perhaps from an earthquake?).

(14:5) Normally, the Mount of Olives would block an escape to the east, but it will be removed for their escape. This is a literal destruction of the Mount of Olives, because it is compared to the literal earthquake during the time of Uzziah (Amos 1:1).

The “holy ones” could refer to angels, or perhaps believers (1 Thess. 3:13).

(14:6-7) There will be changes in the celestial order during this time. This is not just a massive storm. It is a “unique” day that hasn’t happened before. Jesus claimed that only God the Father knew of the day of his return (Mt. 24:35).

(14:8) This seems that the source of water will be high, because it will spill out over to the east and the west.

(14:9) This is the fulfillment of Jesus’ prayer that “God’s will would be done on Earth as it is in heaven” (Mt. 6:9-10).

(14:10-11) The four sides of the city are described. This seems to state that the city of Jerusalem will be elevated (“Jerusalem will rise”). This might be due to the other lands being leveled lower.

(14:12-15) The people die while standing on their feet. The imagery of the skin rotting off their bones “while they stand on their feet” could refer to future weaponry being used—such as nuclear warfare. It could also imply that God destroys them with a powerful fire. However, the context states that the people will attack each other (v.13). The people of Judah will plunder the invading nations (vv.14-15).

(14:16) The nations will not be completely destroyed. This implies that some survivors will exist. They will make trips to worship God at this time.

(14:17-19) The nations which refuse worship God will be judged with drought.

(14:20-21) The high priest had a turban with a gold plate which said “Holy to the Lord” (Ex. 28:36). History is moving toward the rule and reign of Christ (Rev. 11:15; 19:16).


Download the whole PDF to print here:

Zechariah 13-14 Family Study Packet
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